The Berlin International Human Rights Congress (BIHRC): "Human Rights and Democracy in a Globalized World - Moving Towards an International Consensus"
(Berlin; October 1st - 4th, 2010)
Human Rights Introduction
August 13, 1961
The Berlin Wall is built
Due to the mass migration of East German citizens to the FDR, in the night from the 12th to the 13th of August, the GDR closes the open borders between East Berlin and West Berlin. Berliners wake up in shock to find a wall running down through the middle of their city, with many citizens having jobs and families on the other side. The wall is extremely guarded and East Berliners are effectively stripped of their freedom of movement.