The Hon. Dr. Emil Constantinescu
President of the ICD Academy for Cultural Diplomacy
Former President of Romania; Former President & Rector of the University of Bucharest
BiographyEmil Constantinescu is born on November 19th, 1939 in Tighina (today in Republic of Moldova), son of an agricultural engineer native of Southern Romania. He attends the high school in Pitesti and after the graduation in 1956 he attends the Law Faculty of the University of Bucharest. In 1960 he is a graduate the judicial studies and is assigned as probationer judge at Pitesti local Court. The political climate forces his to give up this position and, since 1961, to attend the courses of the Geology - Geography Faculty, which he graduates in 1966. He is doctor in Geology from the University of Bucharest; Doctor ès Sciences from the Duke University, USA.
He is successively assistant, lecturer, at the Faculty of Geology (1966 - 1990). Since 1991 till now he is professor of Mineralogy within the University of Bucharest. During 1991-1992 he was visiting professor at the Duke University, USA.
He is author of 12 specialty books and of over 60 studies published in important scientific magazines from Romania and abroad, he is honorary member and elected member in the Geological and Mineralogical Societies in Great Britain, Germany, USA, Greece, and Japan; in the Geography Society in France and in the „National Geographic” Society in the USA. He lectured at the Universities Tübingen, Oxford, Standfort, Harvard, Berkeley, Columbia - New York, Georgetown - Washington, Indiana - Bloomington, Rio de Janeiro, Sydney, Praga, Turku, Cairo, Lublin.
In 1990 he is elected pro-rector and then rector of the University of Bucharest (1992-1996). During the same period he is elected president of the National Council of Rectors in Romania (1992-1996); member of the Permanent Committee of the Association of European Universities - CRE (1992-1993; 1994-1998); member of the International Association of University Presidents - IAUP (1994-1996).
He is awarded: the Prize of Romanian Academy (1980); Palmas Academicas, awarded by the Brazilian Faculty of Letters, Rio de Janeiro (2000); golden and honorific medals from Comenius University in Bratislava; Caroline University in Prague and from the University in Sao Paolo; Arthur Bertrand Medal, awarded by the Academy of Sciences, Institut de France; medals conferred by the National Institute of Sciences and Arts in France, Paris-Sorbonne University and the University in Amsterdam; the European Statesman of the Year prize (1998), New York; prize of the American Bars Association, Atlanta; Aristide Calvani Prize, Paris; Prize of the Democratic Center, Washington; Coudenhoven - Kalergi European Prize, Bern. He is Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universities in Liège, Athens, Montréal, New Delhi, Beijing, Bilkent - Ankara, Sofia, Maribor, Chisinau, Bangkok, Astana and of the Ecole Normale Supérieure - Paris.
Since December 1989, he becomes an active participant, along with professors, colleagues of his, and other Romanian intellectuals, in the effort to set up the democracy in Romania, to defend human rights and fundamental freedom, and in the creation of the civil society.
He participated, along with other outstanding personalities, at the 42 days meeting, which took place during April - May 1990, in the University Square. After the brunt of the miners that invaded Bucharest in June 1990, upon professors and student, he and some of his colleagues founded University Solidarity.
He was also been a founding member of the Civic Alliance (1990), the most important non-governmental organization in Romania. The associations joined the democratic parties in opposition and they made up the Romanian democratic Convention - CDR (1991). He was proposed by the University Solidarity and supported by the Civic Alliance, as unique candidate for the Romanian presidential elections in 1992. he entered the second poll and obtained 38% of the votes in the confrontation with the president of that time.
After this first political experience the Democratic Convention elected him as its president (1992 - 1996). It followed a continuous struggle to strengthen the democratic opposition and its governance program. As a result, the Democratic convention won in 1996 the local and parliamentary elections and Emil Constantinescu was elected through direct vote President of Romania on a four-year term.
In December 2000, Emil Constantinescu recommenced his work as university professor and his steps to consolidate the nongovernmental organizations role as president of the Association of Citizenship Education - ASPEC, of the Romanian Foundation for Democracy - FRD and founding president of the Institute for Regional Cooperation and Conflict prevention - INCOR.
He is a founding member of the Balkan Political Club, member in its Managing Board and member of the East West Institute Managing Board, in New York and member in the High Council of the World Francophone Organization. He was president of the international commission for supervising the parliamentary elections in Senegal (2001).
In March 2003 he sets up the People’s Action trend, which intend to be a vivid, healthy and dynamic political structure opened to all those who contribute to Romania’s welfare, a European structure able to create a unite, coherent and solidar force.
Starting with 2006, he launches the XXI European generation Forum, which aims to encourage the creation of a young and new Romanian meritocracy, able to impose with dignity our national identity within the top levels of the new Europe.