|“A World Without Walls“:
An International Congress on "Soft Power", Cultural Diplomacy and Interdependence
(Berlin; November 6th - 9th, 2009)
"1989: The Year that Changed the World"
Czech Protests EruptPolitical protest becomes a social movement
The crowd is buoyed by the events that had been taking place around Eastern Europe. Just days prior, Erich Honecker was forced to step down as leader of East Germany. In Hungary, the Communist Party held its last conference and the country officially transitioned to the democratic Republic of Hungary. Many Czechs and Slovaks felt that this was their time to demand freedom and democracy within their country.
The protests and demonstrations would eventually lend themselves to the formation of a new political movement, the Civic Forum, whose stated goal was to unify all anti-authoritarian forces in Czechoslovakia in order to successfully overthrow the Communist government. This movement was led by Vaclav Havel, a playwright whose name would become synonymous with the struggle for democracy.
The protests would be met with fierce resistance by the Communist government,. As protesters chanted "Freedom!" and "Democracy Now!", they came face to face with with riot police, who used strong arm tactics such as violence and arrests to attempt to intimidate the protesters into submission.
But the protesters refused to give in, and within weeks, Communism would be overthrown and democracy established in Czechoslovakia.