Hard Vs. Soft Power
Foreign Policy Strategies in Contemporary International Relations
Mark C. Donfried
Director & Founder - the Institute for Cultural DiplomacyAfter completing his undergraduate studies in European History and French at Columbia University, Mark Donfried then pursued graduate research at the Institut des Études Politiques where he wrote his thesis on “la diplomatie du jazz”. Following this, Mark worked as an analyst at the Cultural Services of the French Embassy in New York, in the Mergers & Acquisitions Department of Credit Suisse First Boston, and then at the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik.
In 1999, Mark founded the Institute for Cultural Diplomacy (ICD), an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in New York City. The ICD has since opened a European Headquarters in Berlin, where Mark is presently based. Mark is currently a visiting Professor at the Humboldt University in Berlin, teaching, for example, a seminar for undergraduates on “Searching for Cultural Diplomacy.” He is focusing his current research and publishing in the field of civil-society-based cultural diplomacy