A World Without Walls 2010
”An International Conference on Peacebuilding, Reconciliation and Globalization in an Interdependent World”
(Berlin; November 6th - 10th, 2010)
Cyprus gained its independence in 1960, but not without difficulty. Violence broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots in December 1963, when challenges to implementing the constitution reached boiling point. Subsequently, the UN Security Council heard the Cypriot complaint that Turkey had been interfering in internal affairs, which led to the establishment in February 1964 of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP). Following a coup d’état in July 1974, Turkey launched an invasion of Cyprus that lasted one month. As a result the UNFICYP mandate was extended: the UN drew cease fire lines and established a buffer zone that UNFICYP continues to maintain today.